Effects of a Defined Clinical Protocol Using Whole Body Vibration and Exercise on Chronic Back Pain Victoria McPartland, E. Carolyn Johnson, PhD, FACSM,and Steven Borders
1 Effect of gaze on postural
responses to neck proprioceptive and vestibular stimulation in humans Yuri
P. Ivanenko, Renato Grasso and Francesco Lacquaniti
One of the most important problems the brain has to solve for governing
the interaction between the personal and extrapersonal space is the formation
of the appropriate reference frame for sensory—motor transformations.
The anabolic activity of bone tissue, suppressed by disuse, is normalized by
brief exposure to extremely low-magnitude mechanical stimuli. Clinton
Rubin, Gang Xu, and Stefan Judex
is generally believed that mechanical signals must be large in order to be
anabolic to bone tissue. Recent evidence indicates, however, that extremely low-magnitude
mechanical signals readily stimulate bone formation if induced at a high
frequency. We examined the ability of extremely low-magnitude, high-frequency
mechanical signals to restore anabolic bone cell activity inhibited by disuse.
Acute physiological effects of exhaustive whole-body vibration exercise in man J. Rittweger1, G. Beller and D. Felsenberg
Vibration exercise (VE) is a new neuromuscular training
method which is applied in athletes as well as in prevention and therapy of
osteoporosis. The present study explored the physiological mechanisms of
fatigue by VE in 37 young healthy subjects. resistant to standard treatment.
Countermeasure for Disuse Osteopenia Rubin, Clinton
Osteoporosis, the progressive loss of bone density and strength which
cripples tens of millions on our planet, distinguishes itself as perhaps the
greatest physiologic obstacle to an extended human presence in space. The
principal objectives of this proposal are to establish the efficacy of a
unique, biomechanical countermeasure to inhibit bone loss in an animal model of
disuse osteoporosis, and correlate this regulatory influence to the expression
patterns of several genes critical to bone formation and resorption.
5 Effect of 6-Month Whole Body
Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in
Post-menopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Sabine MP Verschueren, Machteld
Roelants, Christophe Delecluse, Stephan Swinnen, Dirk Vanderschueren, and
strain seems to stimulate bone strength in animals. In this random-ized controlled trial, hip BMD
was measured in post menopausal women after a 24-week wholebody vibration (WBV)
of 4-min Vertical Whole Body vibration on Muscle Performance and Body Balance:
A Randomized Cross-Over Study S.Torvinen
The purpose of this randomized crossover study was to investigate the
effects of a 4 min long 2-mm vertically-virating vibration exercise on muscle
performance and body balance in healthy subjects.
influence of vibration on muscle activation and rate of force development
during maximal isometric contractions.
Humphries, Geoff Warman, Jason Purton, Tim L. A. Doyle and Eric Dugan
The aim of this study was to
address this issue by examining the effects of a superimposed muscle/tendon vibration on muscular activation and maximal isometric
contraction. Sixteen participants were recruited
for this study. Electromyography and accelerometry from the rectus femoris, and
maximal isometric force data characteristics were collected from the dominant
limb under conditions of vibration, and no-vibration.
10 Initial and Treatment induced
Changes to Muscle Activation Patterns in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic
Scoliosis Compared to the Frontal Plane Spinal Configuration as Measured with
Surface Electromyography Raymond
The purpose of this study is to report paraspinal muscle
activity patterns in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients in
comparison to the frontal plane spinal configuration and to report changes to
the muscle activity resulting from a multi-factorial treatment program that
includes chiropractic manipulation.
trends in training science: the use of vibrations for enhancing performance Carmelo Bosco, Marco Cardinale, Olga Tsarpela and
The adaptive responses of the human body to training stimuli
have been investigated in depth over the past few years. Thanks to the research
carried out in different parts of the world, we know that the adaptation to the
training stimulus is related to the modification induced by the repetition of
daily exercises, which are specific to the movements executed. These
adaptations are related to the fact that human skeletal muscle is a specialized
tissue, which modifies its overall functional capacity in response to regular
exercise with high loads.
12 Vibration Training: An Overview of the Area, Training
Consequences, and Future Considerations Matthew J. Jordan
Vibration has been used during
strengthtraining movements such as elbow flexion, and vibration has also been
applied to the entire body by having subjects stand on vibration platforms.
Exposure to whole-body vibration has also resulted in a significant improvement
in power output in the postvibratory period and has been demonstrated to induce
significant changes in the resting hormonal profiles of men. than full body weight.
14 New Insights about the
Relationship between Bone Strength and Muscle Strength H.
Schiebl, J. Willnecker Ph.D.
Postmenopausal bone loss is regarded
as a main factor for increased fracture risk in women. Estrogen supplementation is commonly
used to prevent this bone loss. But the effects of increased estrogen secretion
on bone in girls at puberty have not been well described.
Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients M.Runge,
Objective measures of gait and
balance which meet the criteria of reliability and validity are required
exercise regimes. We established reference values of clinically relevant
locomotor and balance performances for geriatric patients. We are using these
data for evaluating the effects of different therapeutic approaches to
locomotors and balance disorders.
Hormonal Responses To Whole-Body Vibration In Men Carmelo
aim of this study was to evaluate the acute responses of blood hormone
concentrations and neuromuscular performance following whole-body vibration
Whole body vibration exercise leads to alteration K.
used high-frequency vibration is supposed to have negative effects on blood
flow and muscle strength. Conversely,
low frequency vibration used as a training too appear to increase muscle
strength, but nothing is known about it effects on peripheral circulation.
Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting
as a slow voluntary movement Jorn
this study we investigated metabolic power during whole-body vibration
exercise. Specific oxygen consumption and subjectively perceived exertion were
assessed in 12 young health subjects.
Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure Carmelo
aim of this study was to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration on the
mechanical behavior of human skeletal muscle.
Six female volleyball players were the test subjects.
Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole-body
vibration exercise Jorn
lower back pain involves muscular as well as connective and neural systems.
Different types of physiotherapy are applied for its treatment. Industrial
vibration is regarded as a risk factor. Recently, vibration exercise has been developed
as a new type of physiotherapy. It is thought to activate muscles via reflexes.
Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human
arm flexor muscles Carmelo
aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of vibration on the mechanical
properties of arm flexors. A group of 12 international level boxers, all members
of the Italian national team, voluntarily participated in the experiment: all
were engaged in regular boxing training. At the beginning of the study they
were tested whilst performing forearm flexion with an extra load equal to 5% of
the subjects' body mass.
Short term effects of whole-body vibration on maximal voluntary isometric knee
extensor force and rate of force rise. C.J.
vibration may lead to muscle contractions via reflex activation of the primary
muscle spindle. WBV has been reported to increase muscle power in the short
term by improved muscle activation. The present study set out to investigate the
acute effects of a standard WBV training session on voluntary activation during
maximal isometric force production and maximal rate of force rise of knee
Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation explosive strength in elite
and amateur athletes V.B.
elite and 14 amateur athletes were subjected to vibratory stimulation during
bilateral biceps curl exercises of explosive strength exertion. The athletes
performed two separate series of three sets of exercises in random order.
The influence of whole body vibration on jumping performance. Carmelo
effects of Whole-Body vibration on the mechanical behavior of human skeletal
muscles were studied in 14 physically active subjects randomly assigned to the
experimental or control group.
The effects of vibration on human performance and hormonal profile. Marco
prolonged strength training is known to induce a specific, neuromuscular and
hormonal adaptive response in the human body in few months, while the changes
in the morphological structure occur later.
The aim of this work was to study the effects of vibrations on human
performance and hormonal profile and to provide further information for applying
vibration exercise in the athletic setting.
Whole-body vibration exercises in the elderly people K.
exercise is considered to prevent fall by maintaining muscle power and balance
and functional fitness, many old subjects are unable to exercise effectively.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the Whole body
vibrations (WBV) in the elderly people. These
results suggest that WBV possibly prevents fall and femoral neck fracture by
improving standing balance in elderly subjects.
Effect of Whole Body Vibration Stimulus and Voluntary contraction on Motoneuron
is a problem that the elderly cannot perform hard muscular training using
weight training machines, because of decreased muscular strength due to
aging. The subjects are requested to
consciously maintain isometric contraction of the legs in order to oppose the
whole body vibration stimulus.
Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance.
Randomized cross-over study Saila
randomized cross-over study was designed to investigate the effects of a 4-min vibration
bout on muscle performance and body balance in young, healthy subjects. Six
performance tests (stability platform, grip strength, isometric extension
strength of lower extremities, tandem-walk, vertical jump and shuttle run) were
performed 10 min before (baseline), and 2 and 60 min after the intervention.
Effect on muscles of mechanical vibrations produced by the Galileo 2000 in
combination with physical therapy in treating female stress urinary
incontinence S. von der Heide
prospective randomized study was performed to determine whether intensive
vibration training (1-4) using the Galileo 2000 in combination with physical
therapy improves the continence rate in women with urodynamically proven stress
urinary incontinence. The influence on the pelvic floor muscles and the
therapeutic effect on stress incontinence were investigated.
Efficacy of training program for ambulatory competence in elderly women Jun Iwamoto
optimal prevention of osteoporotic fractures in the elderly consists of
increasing the bone density and preventing falls. The mean age of the participants was 72.8
years. After 3 months of training, the step length, knee
extensor muscle strength, and maximum standing time on one leg were
significantly increased, while the walking speed and hip flexor muscle strength
were not significantly altered.
Acute changes in neuromuscular excitability after exhaustive whole body
vibration exercise as compared to exhaustion by squatting exercise Jörn Rittweger
effects of hard squatting exercise with and without vibration on neuromuscular
function were tested in 19 healthy young volunteers. Before and after the
exercise, three different tests were performed: maximum serial jumping for 30
s, electromyography during isometric knee extension at 70% of the maximum
voluntary torque, and the quantitative analysis of the patellar tendon reflex.
After the exercise, comparable effects were observed on jump height, ground
contact time, and isometric torque.
Controlled Whole body Vibration to Decrease Fall risk and Improve
Health-Related Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents Olivier Bruyere
investigate the effects of whole body vibration in the elderly, we assessed
gait and body balance using Tinetti test, motor capacity and health related
quality of life. After six weeks the
vibration group improved by 3.5 points.
Controlled whole body vibration can improve elements of fall risk and
HRQOL in elderly patients.
The Role of Vibratory Massage on Treating Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. Carmelo
exercise, especially eccentric contractions, may result in delayed onset muscle
soreness (DOMS). It may result in pain, stiffness, reduced range of motion,
sarcomere disruption, reduced force generating capabilities, swelling and
increased creatine kinase (CK) release. Treating or even preventing DOMS may
have large implications to athletes.
Comparing the Performance-Enhancing Effects of Squats on A Vibration Platform With
Conventional Squats in Recreationally Resistance-Trained Men Bent
purpose of this investigation was to compare the performance-enhancing effects of
squats on a vibration platform with conventional squats in recreationally
resistance-trained men. The subjects
were 14 recreationally resistance-trained
men (age, 21–40 years) and the intervention period consisted of 5 weeks.
The Short-Term Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Training on Vertical Jump,
Sprint, and Agility Performance Darryl
studies have suggested that short-term whole-body vibration (WBV) training
produces neuromuscular improvement similar to that of power and strength training.
However, it is yet to be determined whether short-term WBV exposure produces
neurogenic enhancement for power, speed, and agility.
Mechanical Stimulation in the Form of Vibration, Prevents Postmenopausal Bone
Loss in Ovariectomized Rats J.
exercise is recommended for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
However, its exact role and effectiveness in adulthood is unclear. While
vigorous exercise of long duration enhances bone density, few adult individuals
comply with such training programs. The present study evaluates the influence of non-physiological
mechanical stimulation. In the form of low intensity vibration on the prevention of bone
loss in an animal model of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot
examine whether a whole-body vibration (mechanical oscillations) in comparison
to a placebo administration leads to better postural control, mobility and
balance in patients with multiple sclerosis. Compared with the placebo group
the intervention group showed advantages in terms of the Sensory Organization
Test and the Timed Get Up and Go Test at each time point of measurement after
Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats Gianni
evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration on fat, bone, leptin and muscle
mass. There were significant body composition differences between the
whole-body vibration and the control group. The whole-body vibration group
weighed approximately 10% less and had less body fat, a lower percentage of
body fat, and lower serum leptin
levels than the age-matched controls.
Vibration Exercise and Weight Loss: Getting Past the Hype Jasper
of the patients that present were prescribed exercise. This could be in the
form of an easy walking program, to joining a gym. However, most of the patients
also had medically associated conditions that prevented them from engaging in
any exercise program. Their knees hurt when they walked too much. Or they
presented to my office with fibromyalgia, which limited them from engaging in
an exercise program. A patient
can start on a very low frequency setting and steadily progress without placing
more demands on their joints.
The effects of hormone replacement therapy and resistance training on spine
bone mineral density in early postmenopausal women. Gianni
study evaluated the additive effects of hormone replacement therapy and a 1-year site-specific
resistance-training program involving
two free weight exercises (i.e., squat and deadlift) 2 days/week as a strategy
to reverse or attenuate bone loss at the lumbar spine in early postmenopausal
women. In conclusion, resistance-training alone was as effective as hormone
replacement therapy in preventing bone loss at the spine and was more effective
than hormone replacement therapy alone in attenuating bone loss at the spine.
Can Whole body vibration Plus Exercise Improve Functional Deficits in Post Hip
Surgery Patients Gianni
body vibration resulted in significant statistical difference among the three
experimental groups with respect to outcome measures of balance, lower limb
power, and physical performance. These
findings suggest that whole body vibration training may have potential
beneficial effects on of balance, lower limb power, and physical performance in
individuals having undergone hip replacement surgery.
Effects of Whole Body Vibration on bone Mineral Density in post Hip Surgery
inactivity associated with recovery from bone fracture can have long term
negative effects on musculoskeletal health.
To minimize these effects, whole body vibration has been proposed as a
safe, effective, and lower-load activity option. A significant group main effect was observed
for spine bone mineral density and a significant time main effect was observed
for body composition.
Acute effects of Various Whole body Vibration Frequencies on Lower body power
in Trained and Untrained Subjects Bent R. Ronnestad
purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of whole-body
vibration (WBV) with different vibration frequencies on power production during
squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) with submaximal external loads
in strength trained and untrained subjects. Subjects were randomly exposed to
WBV with frequencies of 20, 35, or 50 Hz (amplitude: 3 mm), or no vibration.
66 Benefits of Whole-Body Vibration with an
Oscillating Platform for People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review Sebastiao David
Santos-Filho, Michelle H. Cameron and Mario Bernardo-Filho
objective of this work was to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration
on people with multiple sclerosis (MS). PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases
were systematically searched for studies on the use of whole-body vibration
(WBV) exercise in people with MS. These searches were supplemented with
material identified in the references and in the authors’ personal files. A qualitative analysis was performed to
summarize the findings.
67 MS and WBV: A Promising Combination Kelly Price
Multiple Sclerosis Strength and Stability Program was founded and is directed
by Charles G. Oakes, PhD, following early consultations with Dr. Harold Moses
Jr., assistant professor, department of neurology, Multiple Sclerosis Center at
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, and Irv Rubenstein, PhD, exercise
physiologist, a nationally-certified personal trainer who founded S.T.E.P.S.,
Inc., Nashville's first personal training center. The program adds whole body
vibration to progressive strength training in hopes of hastening the
rehabilitation of MS patients beyond what traditional physical and occupational
68- RubenGuzmanThesis Gianni Maddalozzo Diabetic
Neuropathy Gianni F. Maddalozzo
diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of diabetes that
interferes with daily living and causes severe pain. Pharmacotherapy is the
accepted treatment strategy; however, this strategy is associated with high
cost, minimal reductions in pain, and adverse side effects. Thus, a critical
need exists to develop alternative treatment strategies. Purpose. To determine
if a 12-week whole-body vibration (WBV) intervention reduces pain in adults
69-Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with
multiple sclerosis: a pilot study Othmar Schuhfried, Christian Mittermaier, Tatjana Jovanovic, Karin
Pieber and Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
To examine whether a whole-body vibration (mechanical oscillations) in comparison
to a placebo administration leads to better postural control, mobility and balance
in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design:
Double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Setting: Outpatient clinic of a
university department of physical medicine and rehabilitation. Subjects: Twelve
multiple sclerosis patients with moderate disability (Kurtzke’s Expanded
Disability Status Scale 2.5/5) were allocated either to the intervention group
or to the placebo group.
70- Vibration Training: An Overview of the Area,
Training Consequences, and Future Considerations Matthew J. Jordan, Stephen R. Norris, David J. Smith, and Walter Herzog
effects of vibration on the human body have been documented for many years.
Recently, the use of vibration for improving the training regimes of athletes
has been investigated. Vibration has been used during strength training movements
such as elbow flexion, and vibration has also been applied to the entire body
by having subjects stand on vibration platforms.
71-Weight Loss Metabolic Study Steve Sodorff
loss and whole body vibration machines easily work together. Those of us using
whole body vibration machines regularly know we feel stronger, longer and
leaner. Scientific research is beginning to give us some clues. Using whole
body vibration machines like ours does tone and strengthen muscles. Fat is
burned. We get leaner increasing our lean muscle mass raises our resting
metabolism. This means we are burning more calories in our everyday movements.
Our body is primed for weight loss.
72- Knee Position Influences Whole body 3-D
vibration Transmission Gerald Smith, Eadric Bressel, Jamie Branscomb, and Eric Snyder
vibration has in recent years become a commonly used addition to training and
therapy and is thought to positively stimulate muscle and bone. While numerous studies have evaluated both positive
and negative physiological responses to vibration, few have provided more than cursory
description of the vibration instrumentation involved or have discussed
differing responses resulting from mechanical designs which produce unique
vibration characteristics. In most studies, accelerometers attached to a
vibration plate and over anatomical landmarks are used to determine responses.
Rarely have three-dimensional responses been evaluated; vertical vibration has
typically been assumed to be of prime importance.
73-Whole-body-vibration training increases
knee-extension strength and speed of movement in older women. Roelants M,
Delecluse C, Verschueren SM.
To investigate the effects of 24 weeks of whole-body-vibration (WBV) training
on knee-extension strength and speed of movement and on counter-movement jump
performance in older women.